15+ Commonly Used Poetic Devices by Literary Writers

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If you are a literature student, then you will have to study a lot about poems. Moreover, while pursuing the course, you will also have a chance to analyze various poem types and update your knowledge of how renowned poets and literary writers have written different styles of poems using major poetic devices. In English literature, some important elements that make the literary content more attractive are English techniques, poetic devices, and literary techniques.

Do you know what poetic devices mean? In case, you have no idea, take a look at the blog post. Here, you will get to know about the different types of poetic devices with examples.

What are Poetic Devices?

Poetic devices are essential literary elements that are used to develop rhythm and enhance meaning and mood through various writing strategies. One simple example of a poetic device is using rhyme to develop a rhythm.

In general, every poem has a clear structure, but each poem type uses different poetic devices. Basically, poetic devices join disparate parts of poems together. In addition, some poetic devices are applicable to literature as well; however, we ought to investigate them through the lens of poetry. Although writing poems isn’t for everyone, you can learn how to do it. Maybe, in the event that you take full advantage of words and pick the right musicality, unquestionably, you have dominated the ability. Also, in literature, you have to know how to write in different styles and use the right words.

There are many words in the English language that can convey any feeling or emotion. Therefore, the fundamental requirement for writing a decent sonnet is a good wording strategy. A solid articulation to captivate the audience is possible by using poetic devices. Although poetry is read aloud, it ought to convey the feeling of being spoken aloud. Besides comprehending the poetic work that poets produce, readers should also be able to hear.

6 Important Poetic Devices Based on the Hint of Words

Hints of words make a mystical impact on the reader’s psyche. At the point when words are grouped, they make a specific impact when readers hear them. These sounds can hit readers in different manners. They can bring different feelings like resentment, joy, love, disdain, or aversion. How about we see underneath these different poetic devices dependent on sounds?

Poetic Devices


In scholarly work, alliteration can be defined as the perceptible redundancy of the same first consonant sounds in quite while inside a group of words.

For example,

  • Quick and Furious,
  • Diminish Piper picked a peck of cured peppers,
  • Andrew tapped the horse,
  • Kim’s child continued kicking like there was no tomorrow.

There are various examples of alliteration you can discover over the web or in libraries in different writings. Alliteration helps the reader to concentrate on a particular area in the text. It makes beat and disposition and may speak to a specific implication.


It is a rehashed vowel sound in words that are together or close to one another in a sentence. You will discover assonance in sounds that are highlighted or worried in a line.

For example,

  • That isolation which suits abstruser thoughts
  • on a pleasing round cloud in white high night

As should be obvious in both the examples sound of vowels is dreary. I have featured the assonance for a superior comprehension of this poetic device.


Consonance is likewise similar to Assonance, but here consonants are close or together and monotonous. Here the syllables are called consonants and are placed at long last.

For example,

  • Vessels into the past
  • Cool Soul
  • He struck a dash of misfortune.
  • When Billie took a gander at the trailer, she grinned and giggled.


It is an unmusical arrangement of undesirable sounds which helps to pass on clutter.


  • “I despise war since the reason for war is consistently minor.”
  • “Where rambling columns spoor the night sky,”
  • “Of dynamos, where hearing’s rope is played… “

Here the featured words are examples of Cacophony. Poets or writers, utilize this type of poetic device to show harsh circumstances with the help of grating words. This makes a picture of obnoxiousness in the brains of the readers. The writer’s words are critical to bringing the uproar impact in the write-up.


This poetic device is derived from the Greek word euphonic, which implies sweet-voiced. Euphony can be defined as the utilization of words or expressions that are accustomed to bringing a resonant audio effect. Euphony has a satisfying impact on the reader because of the reiteration of vowels and smooth consonants. Writers utilize this device with other poetic devices, for example, assonance, rhyme, and alliteration to bring satisfying and calming impacts.


  • Period of fogs and smooth productivity,
  • Close chest companion of the developing sun;
  • Achievement is checked best
  • By the individuals who ne’er succeed.
  • Mental fortitude!’ he stated, and pointed toward the land,
  • ‘This mounting wave will move us shoreward soon.’

Euphony acquires a tranquil and wonderful feel of the scholarly work. Readers will appreciate such sort of abstract work. Long vowels make a better musical impact than consonants or short vowels. Likewise, articulation and elocution become simple. Euphony additionally helps in passing on messages to the crowd all the more successfully.


It is the redundancy of words having similar sounds toward the finish of a line in poems. It carries musicality to the poems. Rhyme differentiates poems from their composition. It has a satisfying impact on the sonnet. Kids can without much of a stretch discuss and learn sonnets due to rhyme. Rhyme makes the sonnet more agreeable and fun.


  • Humpty Dumpty sat on a divider,
  • Humpty Dumpty had an incredible fall.
  • Indeed sir, yes sir, three packs full!
  • Mary had a little sheep its wool was white as a day off;
  • What’s more, wherever that Mary went, the sheep made certain to go.

Presently in the wake of reading about poetic devices dependent on sounds, the next one is poetic devices dependent on the importance of the words. We should read about them in detail to find out about them.

7 Key Poetic Devices Based on the Importance of Words

We as a whole realize a few words pass on more than one importance. The poet utilizes different words to portray an idea. Some significant words convey layers of importance. How about we view such words?

Poetic Devices


Allegory is a poetic device wherein conceptual thoughts are depicted through characters, occasions, and figures. A writer can utilize this in exposition and poetry to recount a story to the crowd. This helps in explaining the thought on which the sonnet is based. Regularly, the goal is to show an ethical exercise.


The Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan and The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser are two significant figurative works in English.


An allusion is a roundabout reference to a place, individual, or thought of political, historical, or cultural significance. It is normally a concise reference that doesn’t portray the individual or thing in a nitty-gritty way. It is more similar to a passing remark. The writer while utilizing allusion anticipates that a reader should comprehend it with the information he/she has.


Try not to act like a Romeo before her.” Here in this sentence, Romeo alludes to Shakespeare’s work. Romeo signifies an energetic darling.

This place resembles a Garden of Eden.” Here Garden of Eden is an allusion to the Garden of God in Genesis.


This poetic device portrays a conflicting circumstance. It alludes to a circumstance that winds up differently than anticipated. Incongruity portrays the difference between the real world and appearance.

  • Water, water, all over the place,
  • And all the sheets shrank;
  • Water, water, all over,
  • Nor any drop to drink.

Incongruity brings added implications to a circumstance or in a sonnet. It helps in building up the reader’s advantage. Incongruity makes the sonnet more interesting. It likewise urges a reader to utilize a creative mind to look for the shrouded significance in lines.


It is an examination of two, in contrast, things. It shows the similarity between two different things. Here the examination is immediate and not covered up. In contrast to a simile, here we don’t utilize words, for example, ‘As’ for the correlation.

  • “She’s all states, and all sovereigns, I … “
  • Before high-piled booked, in-character
  • Hold like rich accumulates the full-matured grain;”
  • Occupied old numb-skull, wild sun,
  • Why dost thou, therefore,
  • Through windows, and blinds approach us?”

Ironic Expression

In ironic expression, two conflicting thoughts are assembled one next to the other or in a sentence to make a decent impact.

  • Why, at that point, O fighting adoration! O cherishing hate! O anything, of nothing, first make!
  • Substantial delicacy! Genuine vanity!
  • Deformed turmoil of well-appearing structures!
  • A plume of lead, splendid smoke, cold fire, debilitated health!
  • As yet waking rest, that isn’t what it is!
  • This adoration feels I, that vibe no affection in this.
  • Does Dost thou not snicker?

Here in the above lines, we can perceive how conflicting words set up, such as Loving-scorn, brilliant smoke, cold-fire, wiped out health, and waking rest. We can undoubtedly discover numerous interesting expression words in these lines.


It is a poetic device wherein a creature, thought or thing is given human qualities. The Non-human article is delineated as people. We give a human quality to non-human things.

  • “At the point when very much clothed April on the heel
  • Of limping winter treads.”
  • “Loveliest of trees, the cherry at this point
  • Is hung with sprouts along the limb,
  • What’s more, remains about the forest ride
  • Donning white for Eastertide.”
  • “Have you got a stream in your little heart,
  • Where timid blossoms blow,
  • What’s more, reddening fowls go down to drink,
  • What’s more, shadows shake so?”


A simile is a method of making an examination. It shows the similitude between two inverse things. Simile use words, for example, as or as to draw an examination.

  • “O my Luve resembles a red, red rose
  • That is recently sprung in June;
  • My Luve resembles Melodie
  • That is pleasantly played in order.”
  • “Will there truly be a morning?
  • Is there such an incredible concept as a day?
  • Would I be able to see it from the mountains
  • If I were as tall as they?
  • Has it felt like water-lilies?
  • Has it plumes like a winged animal?
  • Is it brought from acclaimed nations?”

A simile is a hyperbole that makes a correlation, demonstrating likenesses between two different things. In contrast to a metaphor, a simile draws likeness with the help of the words “like” or “as.” Therefore, it is an immediate examination.

4 Essential Poetic Devices Based on the Plans of the Words

In this sort of poetic device, words are organized by the poet. These courses of action of words offer significance to the sonnet and make it engaging. These game plans are subjective and sometimes mechanical. We should see poetic devices that depend on the plan of the words.

Poetic Devices


The verse indicates a solitary line of a sonnet. As a rule, this term is likewise utilized for a refrain or a specific part of poetry.

There are two sorts of verses. One is free verse, and the other is blank verse.

Free verse

In this, a sonnet doesn’t have a set meter, and no rhyming plan is available. Additionally, the sonnet doesn’t have any set examples. Regularly poets utilize this to conceal their change of considerations.

  • After the Sea-Ship—after the whistling winds;
  • After the white-dark sails, rigid to their fights and ropes,
  • Underneath, a heap, a bunch of waves, hurrying, lifting their necks,
  • Tending in a perpetual stream toward the track of the boat:
  • Floods of the sea, foaming, and sputtering, happily intrusive,
  • Waves, undulating waves—fluid, lopsided, emulous waves,

Toward that spinning current, chuckling and light, with curves, Where the incomparable Vessel, cruising and attaching, displaced the surface

Blank Verse

In blank verse Additionally, you won’t see the nearness of the rhyming plan. But it has predictable rhyming. The poet utilizes measured rhyming to grandstand overwhelming occasions, and this has a profound effect on the crowd.

  • “Sweet pet by day, tracker around evening time. She rests,
  • she eats, she plays. My feet were trapped in white paws.
  • She’s up the fence, watching her prey – a winged animal.
  • Poor thing, better run fast, ’cause watch, she’ll jump!
  • She’ll pleasantly ask for a whine but don’t be tricked.
  • ‘Cause brief she’ll murmur and grin, at that point snap!
  • She’ll spit and murmur – and gracious – shock! A mouse.
  • He’s dead. A gift. Withdraws her hooks. Miaow!
  • The figure of eight between my legs turns upward
  • at me and murmurs. The sound pulls my heartstrings.

Rhyme Conspire

It very well may be defined as the example of rhyme that comes at the remainder of each verse in the sonnet. It is a structure of words utilized by poets to give rhyming impacts. There are a few kinds of rhyme plans.

  • Alternate rhyme
  • Ballade
  • Monorhyme
  • Couplet
  • Triplet
  • Enclosed rhyme
  • Terza rima rhyme scheme
  • Keats Odes rhyme scheme
  • Limerick
  • Villanelle
  • The individuals along the sand
  • All turn and look one way.
  • They walk out on the land.
  • They take a gander at the ocean throughout the day.
  • For whatever length of time it takes to pass
  • A boat continues raising its frame;
  • The wetter ground like glass
  • Mirrors are a standing gull.
  • The rhyme conspire it follows is ABABCCDD
  • As I moved closer to the furthest limit of all cravings,
  • I carried my aching vigor to definite tallness,
  • Similarly, as I should. My vision, getting unadulterated,
  • Entered increasingly more the light emission high light
  • That sparkles on its reality. From that point, I seeing
  • Turned out to be excessively huge for discourse, which falls flat at a sight…
  • Here the rhyme plot is ABABCB. This rhyme plot is an example of terza rima tercet.


We hope you are now clear about the different poetic devices in English literature. If you wish to become a master in poem writing, you should know how to use poetic devices creatively in your content. Using poetic devices smartly will help you to grab the readers’ attention easily and make your work stand unique in the crowd. Furthermore, with different sorts of poetic devices, you can compose brilliant sonnets and other forms of poems.

1. What are the 10 poetic devices?

The 10 poetic devices are Repetition, Alliteration, Metaphor, Assonance, Similes, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole, Personification, and Oxymoron.

2. What are the six poetic devices?

The six poetic devices are alliteration, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification, rhyme, and simile.

3. What are the 12 poetic devices?

Anaphora, Conceit, Apostrophe, Metonymy and synecdoche, Enjambment and end-stopped Lines, Zeugma, Repetition, Internal and end Rhyme, Alliteration, Consonance and assonance, Euphony and cacophony, and meter are the 12 poetic devices.

Assignment Help Reading Time: 13 minutes

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