200+ Outstanding World History Topics and Ideas 2023

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History is an exciting field of study that covers all the events that have happened in the past. Besides, the subject also focuses on the cultural evolution and traditions followed by people across the globe. If you are a student who is pursuing a degree in historical studies, then as a part of your course, you will have to submit history research papers. For writing a history research paper, there are plenty of world history topics available online. But out of them all, it is really challenging to identify the right topic.

World History Topics

To help you in discovering the best ideas for your history paper, here we have shared a list of interesting world history topics in various categories. Continue reading this blog post and get comprehensive history topic ideas. Also, learn how to select a good topic for a world history research paper.

World History Research Paper Topic Selection Tips

The first step in the academic paper writing process is topic selection. Usually, your professor will share a list of themes or ideas for you to write about. But sometimes they will ask you to come up with a good history research topic of your choice. If you are given the option to select, first, gather a lot of research ideas, brainstorm each idea, and finalize a topic that suits you perfectly.

Here are a few important tips you should keep in mind during world history research paper topic selection.

  • Select a topic that matches your area of interest or favorite category.
  • Choose a topic related to a particular historical period and geography.
  • Pick a topic that excites and engages the audience.
  • Give preference to the topic that allows you to conduct deep research.
  • Identify a topic that has extensive information and valid evidence for discussion.
  • Consider a topic that has a relevant credible source for reference.

In addition to all these tips, before finalizing your history topic, check whether the topic you have selected satisfies your instructor’s history paper writing guidelines. You can score an A+ grade, only if you select a perfect topic for your research paper. So, give utmost importance to your research paper topic selection.

List of World History Topics and Ideas

Would you have to submit a history research paper? Are you looking for the best world history topics for your assignment? Well, here we have suggested some interesting world history topic ideas. Explore the entire list and find out an ideal topic for writing your history paper.

List of World History Topics

Simple World History Topics for Essays

  1. Describe the evolution of the Roman military system.
  2. How did Islam arise in the Arabian Peninsula?
  3. The leading nations of the Bronze Age.
  4. Discuss the consequences of the Black Plague.
  5. Why is the Han period considered the golden age in Chinese history?
  6. Why did the United States of America lose the Vietnam War?
  7. The expansion of Indo-European languages.
  8. What philosophical ideas led to the Age of Enlightenment?
  9. Japanese Revolution and the Meiji Restoration in Japan.
  10. The impact of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars on the USA’s economy.
  11. Comparison of slavery in ancient times with modern times in African regions;
  12. Plaques that managed to destroy populations in Europe and Asia;
  13. Egyptians have hidden goals while building pyramids;
  14. Chinese Great Wall – convict-built protection;
  15. Indigenous tribes of America;
  16. Describe the origin and evolution of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders of Australia
  17. Conquering space – Russian and American outcomes
  18. Critical analysis of the impact of World War I and II on world history
  19. Compare and contrast the impact of the European civil war and the American civil war
  20. Analyze the impact of the Industrial Revolution between 1760 and 1840
  21. Bridal ceremonies in Ancient Egypt
  22. Discuss the social relationships in Medieval times
  23. Cuban History – Freedom and Revolutions
  24. Describe the history behind the collapse of the Soviet Union
  25. Comparative analysis of the history of Mesopotamian and Harappan Civilisation

Ancient History Research Topics

  1. Compare Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome.
  2. Iron Age Responsibilities distribution.
  3. Palestine History.
  4. Symbolism in Ancient Egypt.
  5. Religion and Prophets.
  6. The role of women in Prehistoric Britain.
  7. Sumerian Culture and Traditions.
  8. Analyze Eastern Civilizations.
  9. Death and Immortality in Ancient Egypt.
  10. Entertainment in Ancient Rome.
  11. From Assyria to Byzantium: Study of Power in Empires.
  12. Ancient Greek philosophy.
  13. The most potent military in Ancient History.
  14. Ancient protests.
  15. Police in Ancient Rome.
  16. Ancient history and classical antiquity: the difference.
  17. Ancient history: the main source texts.
  18. Early Iron Age: the key achievements.
  19. Religion and philosophy in ancient Greece.
  20. Science and technology in ancient Rome.

Middle Age History Essay Topics

  1. Why the Middle age is considered the period of discovery?
  2. The role of the Quran in medieval Europe.
  3. Common crimes in the middle ages.
  4. The development of cities in medieval Europe.
  5. Discoveries in medieval Europe.
  6. The notion of the revival of the Byzantine State.
  7. Intellectuals in the middle ages.
  8. Women in the middle ages.
  9. The impact of the middle ages on history.
  10. Interfaith marriages in the middle ages.

Interesting World History Topics for Research Paper

  1. The rise of great monarchies.
  2. Progress of civilization.
  3. The use of weapons in ancient civilizations.
  4. Religion and Crusades.
  5. The Church in Medieval Europe.
  6. Why did empires fall?
  7. Causes of the Thirty-Year War.
  8. Jamaican history of violent events.
  9. The contribution of Gandhi to world peace.
  10. South America Colonization.
  11. China and Japan’s development in recent historical stages.
  12. The Mongol Empire’s power.
  13. Rise of the Dutch Republic.
  14. Maritime discoveries.
  15. The fall of the Eastern Empire.
  16. Apartheid Impact.
  17. Western world social stratification.
  18. Great people of the sixteenth century.
  19. The role of the Shogun in Japanese history.
  20. The influence of nuclear weapons on world military clashes.

Modern History Essay Topics

  1. The Great Recession.
  2. S. Involvement in Afghanistan.
  3. Cultural Changes in the Modern World.
  4. Reasons for the Syrian Conflict.
  5. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  6. Chornobyl Explosion.
  7. Reasons for Social Inequality.
  8. Governing the New Nation.
  9. The Role of NATO for the World Community.
  10. Ancient conquests and their influence on the modern world map formation.
  11. Inventors and Industrialists in the modern world.
  12. The negative role of globalization.
  13. Patriot Act Analysis.
  14. Social Movements in America.
  15. Adjustment of the Great American West.

European History Research Topics

  1. The 19th-century European Literacy.
  2. Europe Nationalistic Trends.
  3. European Economic History.
  4. Early Modern Europe.
  5. Political participation of Muslims in Europe.
  6. Mid-Tudor Crises Analysis.
  7. Politics in eighteenth-century Europe.
  8. Gender bias in England during the 17th century.
  9. Western Theories Propaganda.
  10. Women’s Civil Rights in France during the 18th century.
  11. The Thirty-Year War in Europe (1618-1648).
  12. The rise of empiricism in Europe.
  13. The rise of the Eastern Powers.
  14. The French Revolution: Force Distribution.
  15. The Catholic Church and the Witch Hunt.

US History Topics

  1. Revolutionary War Personalities.
  2. The Effects of Industrialization on American Social Movements.
  3. American Exceptionalism.
  4. US election history.
  5. Peculiar US Democracy.
  6. Analyze Interwar Period.
  7. History of the US Navy
  8. Declaration of Independence 1776.
  9. People in the 17th century of US History.
  10. The United States and Slavery.
  11. Tobacco Trade in early American colonies.
  12. How did the Battle of Saratoga change the course of the war?
  13. The cowboy era: truth and myths.
  14. The Spanish-American War: causes and consequences.
  15. Reasons behind the Salem witch trials.

Read more: Top Fascinating History Research Topics For Students

Unique History Topics on World War

  1. The Treaty of Versailles in World War I.
  2. The western Front and the eastern front in World War I.
  3. Pearl Harbor Legacy.
  4. The human cost in World War I.
  5. Chemical weapons in World War I.
  6. The role of women in World War II.
  7. African Americans and World War II.
  8. Entangling Alliances in World War I.
  9. Compare the battle at sea and the battle in the air during World War I.
  10. The Russian Revolution in World War I.
  11. Japanese Americans in World War II.
  12. Military innovations between World War I and World War II.
  13. World War I: Assassination in Sarajevo.
  14. The German Resistance to Hitler in the Second World War.
  15. The economic cause of the Second World War.

Captivating World History Research Paper Topics

  1. Compare the Roman and British Empires.
  2. Cuban history – Revolutions and Freedom.
  3. Discuss the fashion in the 18th century.
  4. Write about the Nazi mission.
  5. Discuss the Korean War.
  6. Pirates in Somalia.
  7. The rise of Buddhism in India.
  8. Conquering space – American and Russian outcomes.
  9. Explain the fall of the Qing Dynasty.
  10. The political activism of Dalits in India.

History Research Topics on Cold War

  1. The Cold War is an era of fear.
  2. Significant events of the Cold War.
  3. Major countries involved in the Cold War.
  4. The impact of Europe during the Cold War.
  5. Discussion on how to resolve the Cold War.
  6. Cold War Aftershocks.
  7. The international order of the Cold War.
  8. Culture during the period of the Cold War.
  9. The Cold War effect on popular culture.
  10. The Role of the United Nations in the Cold War.

History Essay Topics on US Civil War

  1. The US Civil War and Europe.
  2. African-American Soldiers in the Civil War.
  3. Civil War and its legacy.
  4. Civil War Facts and Controversies.
  5. Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination.
  6. Women in the Civil War Era in America.
  7. Causes for North-South confrontation during the Civil War.
  8. US Civil War Battles.
  9. Appomattox Campaign.
  10. New York draft riots during the Civil War.

Essay Topics on the American Revolution

  1. The Townshend Acts Analysis.
  2. The global impact of the American Revolution.
  3. Social conflicts during the American Revolution.
  4. The role of the woman in the American Revolution.
  5. Daily lives of Americans during the Revolution.
  6. Legacies of the American Revolution.
  7. Alexander Hamilton’s Role in the American Revolution.
  8. American revolutionary war letters.
  9. The Federalist Era in the United States.
  10. Trenton and Princeton Battles.

20th and 21st Century World History Topics

  1. Organized Crime in American Society (1920s).
  2. Was imperialism in the early 20th century justified?
  3. Russian Revolution and Labor Class.
  4. Reasons behind Dictatorship.
  5. Economic Depression Causes.
  6. Truman’s Moral Courage and Political Risks in American History.
  7. The best presidential speeches of the 20th century.
  8. The Nuclear Age Cause and Effect.
  9. The Roosevelt administration and the events of the Holocaust.
  10. Democratic Movements Uprising.
  11. Significant technological advances and inventions of the 20th century.
  12. Vietnam Veterans in Nixon’s America.
  13. Nationalism was a major issue of the 20th century.
  14. American History of the 20th and 21st centuries.
  15. US policies towards immigrants in the 21st century.

World History Topics for Thesis

  1. Warfare and violence in ancient times.
  2. The rise of Babylonian and Assyrian empires.
  3. Medicine and spiritualism in Ancient Rome.
  4. Indigenous tribes of America.
  5. The impact of the Borgia family on Renaissance Italy.
  6. Describe the construction of the Great Wall of China.
  7. Write about the samurai of Japan.
  8. Trade connections between Rome and Ancient China.
  9. The goal of the Egyptians in building pyramids.
  10. The best inventions of history don’t have alternatives.
  1. The Gutenberg Bible.
  2. Causes of Cleopatra’s fall in Egypt.
  3. Effects of British rule in India.
  4. History of the immigrant population in the USA.
  5. Trends of immigration through the years.
  6. 9/11 attacks.
  7. The history of the conflict between Palestinians and Israel.
  8. The child Emperors of Rome.
  9. The impact of the Balkan wars on the map of Europe.
  10. The origin of African tribal culture.
  11. Germany after the fall of the Nazis and Hitler.
  12. The establishment of UNO.
  13. Arms and armor in Renaissance Europe.
  14. The Israeli-Egypt Agreement.
  15. History of American politics and religious interaction.

Read more: Interesting Art History Thesis Topics To Explore and Write About

Informative World History Topics for Research

  1. The rise of the Ottoman Empire.
  2. What factors led to the Yugoslav wars?
  3. Opium Wars and other conflicts between Britain and China.
  4. Discuss the Persian Gulf War.
  5. Key reforms in the Song dynasty.
  6. How were the islands of the South Pacific colonized?
  7. What were the major trading centers south of the Sahara?
  8. How did Europeans colonize the African continent?
  9. Explain the consequences of the Russo-Japanese War.
  10. The struggle for freedom in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
  11. What contributed to George Washington’s prominence during the American Revolution?
  12. What impact did the Battle of Saratoga have on how the conflict developed?
  13. What elements contributed to the victory of the American Revolution?
  14. How did the United States become the most industrialized country in the world?
  15. What were the ties between France and America during the American Revolution?
  16. How did the Federalist Party provide the foundation for the country’s diplomatic and domestic policies?
  17. What characteristics of republican and democratic types of government does the Constitution reflect?
  18. How did the Mexican-American War contribute to the formation of the USA’s geographical borders?
  19. How did African Americans’ lives change as a result of the Black Laws?
  20. both as a president and a military commander, Ulysses S. Grant.

Amazing World History Research Topics

  1. Write about France under Napoleon.
  2. Discuss the rise of the League of Nations after the Russian Revolution.
  3. Explain the spread of communism.
  4. Write about the Fascist Aggression & Response of Western Democracies during the Second World War.
  5. Discuss the Nationalist Movements in Asia and Africa between the period of the two World Wars.
  6. Write about Post-Lenin Russia.
  7. Discuss the Age of Imperialism (1870-1914)
  8. Research and write about the discovery of sea routes.
  9. Conquering space – American and Russian outcomes.
  10. Explain the rise of the slave trade.


Identifying a good topic is one of the tedious steps in the research paper writing process. From the list of captivating world history topics recommended in this blog post, select any appealing topic for your academic paper. In case, you are not sure how to craft a brilliant history research paper, immediately contact us.

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