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Narrative Conventions | Understand its Types and Importance in Detail

Do you have any idea about Narrative Conventions? Here, in this article, we will discuss the importance and significance of narrative conventions. The conventions are the practices used by the authors to impart a story. 

Well, the narrative conventions generally used in the literature to give a contextual flow in describing the associated events. Generally, most of the literary works like novels, stories, dramas, narratives, poetries, etc. drafted utilizing the tools of narrative conventions. 

Hence, the narrative conventions categorized as primary and secondary narratives.

Basically, the primary narrative conventions make a comprehensive impact over the entire literature, and secondary narrative conventions sway just on some chose a segment of the literature. Also, it is upon the writing aptitude of the writer, which figures out where to utilize the primary and secondary tools of narrative conventions.

Thus, we prescribe our readers to ace all the narrative conventions since it would help them in passing on more significant ideas while drafting the literature.

Moreover, the utilization of narrative writing will help the author in catching the eye of the reader all through the introduced literature. Because it helps the reader to visualize the described circumstance.

More than that, in the control of English literature, narrative conventions likewise named literary devices.

Primary Narrative Conventions


Narrative Conventions | Conflict

  1. Against the Society
  2. Self
  3. Another Person
  4. Environment

Narrative Conventions | Setting

  1. Destination Setting
  2. Period Setting

Narrative Conventions | Theme

  1. Core Theme
  2. Motifs
  3. Symbol

Narrative Conventions | Plot Development

  1. Denouncement
  2. Exposition
  3. Falling Tension
  4. Complication
  5. Climax

Narrative Conventions | Descriptive Language

  1. Figurative Language
  2. Imagery
  3. Sensory Imagery

Narrative Conventions | Characters

  1. Antagonist
  2. Protagonist

Narrative Conventions | Characterization

  1. Interaction and Relationships
  2. Appearance
  3. Thoughts
  4. Behavior
  5. Dialogues

Narrative Conventions | Point of View

  1. First Person
  2. Second Person
  3. Third Person

Narrative Conventions | Conflict 

So, by utilizing this tool of narrative correspondence, the conflicts between the included characters could be viably shown in the literature.

Now, the following are the list of a portion of the contexts in which the tools of conflict narrative conventions could have inferred. 

Against the Society 

  • The context significantly signifies the occasions wherein the primary character attempts to battle against the abhorrent methodologies of cultural components.
  • Also, the cases like corruption, wrongdoings, moral misappropriation, and so forth are taken significantly as the factor which causes conflict with the character in the literature.
  • Moreover, it is the protagonist in the literature who often goes into a conflict with society.
  • And, the tool would be a lot of helpful in the context when a character compelled to consent to the ethical structure set somewhere near society. 


  • At the point, when the person experiences conflict with his mental cycle and are under ordinary contemplation, this tool of the narrative convention is the most appropriate one.
  • Also, the context significantly signifies a circumstance when the character is in a predicament to choose in the middle of good and terrible decisions.
  • Moreover, this tool helps the creator in showing passionate occurrences in an exceptionally powerful path before the crowd. 

Another Person 

  • The context on this occasion would be significantly the conflict between the protagonist and antagonist.
  • Besides, the creator wants to show solid contempt between the two characters.
  • And, the tools also utilized in an unpretentious context like indirect conflicts between the characters. 


  • The effect of characteristic disasters on the characters visualized by utilizing this tool of narrative conventions.
  • Moreover, the conflict happens significantly because the characters can’t meet their objectives in light of the normal obstructions.
  • Well, the significant examples of its suggestion followed in old literature like Troy and Odysseus. 


  • The tool of setting is significant for the drafted literature since the entire context is based on its establishment.
  • Furthermore, variety in setting could even change the whole pitch of the narrating.
  • Also, the tool of narrating could be portrayed as the foundation of the literature.
  • And, All the components in the story are linked together by setting the narrative conventions. 

Destination Setting 

  • The tool is utilized to signify the place in which the referenced story creates.
  • Thus, it is a critical tool in building up the establishment of the story.
  • Hence, the destination could be signified by a nation, city, or even a little room. 

Period setting 

  • The period wherein the depicted story happens is specified by utilizing this tool of narrative conventions. 

Narrative Conventions | Theme 

Center Theme 

  • It is on the central theme of the literature that the entire portrayal of the literature is based upon.
  • Also, the theme of the literature decides the whole tone and style of portrayal. 


  • The components with contextual noticeable quality, which now and again develops in the storyline go under the classification of motifs. 


  • Any factor in the literature which signifies any article, character, and place could be named as a symbol.
  • Generally, the writer could change the viewpoint of the reader by suggesting the tool of symbol narrative conventions.
  • They assume a significant job in giving clearness to the theme of the chose literature. 

Narrative Conventions | Plot Development 


  • The underlying area of the narrative could be classified under this division.
  • It has named as the introduction of the drafted literature.
  • Moreover, the writer puts forth a decent attempt to present the context, included characters, contained settings, and so on in the area of the exposition. 


  • The earnestness of the portrayal increments at the phase of exposition.
  • Moreover, the presence of different conflicts presented in the phase of complication.
  • The reader would get a mellow thought regarding the occasions which may happen later in this phase of portrayal.
  • The phase of the norm gets upset among the characters in this stage. 


  • A defining moment is presented in the third phase of the literature.
  • Moreover, it is in the climax segment that the reader knows whether the outcomes are agreeable to or against the aims of the protagonist. 

Falling Tension 

  • The final products have already been uncovered by this stage.
  • Moreover, the tension between the antagonist and protagonist significantly diminishes in this stage.
  • The stage makes the stage for the conclusion of the entire literature. 


  • Denouncement is the last phase of literature and is regularly called a conclusion.
  • Moreover, the writer gives all the eventual outcomes of the occasions described in the previous segment of the literature.
  • It relies on the writing style of the writer, which decides if the reader could get an agreeable conclusion in the denouncement segment of the literature. 

Narrative Conventions | Descriptive Language 

  • The tools under the descriptive language are utilized by the writers to expand the commitment level of the literature towards the readers.
  • The writer attempts to coordinate with the tendency and taste of the reader by inferring the tools of descriptive language in the introduced literature.
  • The writer takes a risk to coordinate his viewpoint with the impression of the reader by utilizing descriptive language tools. 

Figurative Language 

  • The tools utilized to introduce concealed importance as opposed to the strict significance go under the classification of figurative language.
  • Moreover, the utilization of figurative language carries quality to the literature.
  • It guarantees the commitment of the reader with the introduced literature since an impressive accentuation expected to comprehend the figurative language.
  • The rich utilization of exaggeration, analogy, personification, allegory, and so on ought to use by the writer to infer the figurative language. 

Also read: What is Emotive Language? Definition, Example, Use and Benefits


  • The tool of imagery is utilized by the writer to make a visual picture of a particular scene before the crowd.
  • It is one of the valuable narrative conventions tools which go under the classification of descriptive language. 

Sensory Imagery 

  • The creator attempts to summon the insight and sentiments of the crowd. 

Narrative Conventions | Characters 

  • The terms used to portray the characters referenced in the storyline of the literature goes under the classification of characterization.
  • It is the antagonist and the protagonist in the storyline which normally directed for the characterization in the literature. 


  • The negative character or the scoundrel is viewed as an antagonist in the literature.
  • Moreover, the inclinations and strategy would be inverse to that of the protagonist.
  • The entire storyline observes the clashes in the middle of the antagonist and the protagonist.
  • The writer attempts to make a negative picture of the antagonist before the crowd so a view of sickening for the character could be made among the crowd. 


  • The protagonist drives the storyline, and it is around this character the entire context rotates around.
  • It is the exercises and the choices made by the protagonist that prompts the different headways in the plot. 

Narrative Conventions | Characterization 

  • The writer needs to manufacture a connection between the characters and the crowd.
  • For this, the creator utilizes the tool of characterization that could be additionally classified into: – 

Direct and Indirect Characterization

Direct Characterization 

The characters in the storyline directly presented by the writer before the readers. 

Indirect Characterization 

The introduction of the characters before the crowd has done in an extremely unpretentious manner, and the crowd needs to infer their recognition to it. 

Narrative Conventions | Interaction and relationship 

  • The personality and the demeanor of the character controlled by breaking down the relations kept up with different characters in the storyline.


  • The appearance of the character could give a ton of insights about their personality.
  • Moreover, the components identified with appearances like body language, dress, style of writing, and so forth would give a high lucidity in regards to the foundation of the characters. 


  • The instabilities, convictions, discernment, and so on of the character would give a solid picture of the crowd. 


  • The conduct of the character is similarly significant to comprehend the point of view held by them.
  • Moreover, the normal conduct of the character uncovers a ton about the environment from where the character originates from. 


  • The subtleties like the environment where the character raised, local land, family foundation, and so on could be gotten by examining the dialogues. 

Narrative Conventions | Point of View 

  • The portrayal of the storyline should be possible by the creator from three different points of view, first-person, second-person, and third person. 


  • The entire storyline has described by the protagonist in this methodology.
  • The first-person approach would empower the writer to give definite data for the perspective, inclinations, family foundation, and so on before the crowd.
  • But, the data gave by this methodology might be somewhat one-sided towards the justifications of the protagonist.
  • The utilization of the first-person pronouns and the intelligent clarification could have found in this methodology. 

Second person 

  • The creator expects himself as the steady nearness on each event of the storyline.
  • The partiality consequently could have kept away from by the creator in this style of portrayal. 

Third Person 

  • The methodology is fundamentally the same as that of the second person portrayal, but the storyteller is omniscient in this case.
  • The storyteller knows each character’s psychological cycle and can give an emotional justification from every point of view.
  • The third-person pronouns like they, she, he, and so forth could be generally found in the third-person point of view. 

Narrative Conventions | Secondary Narrative Conventions 

Secondary Narrative Conventions

  • Tone 
  • Character Development 
  • Mood 
  • Voice


  • The style of creators has controlled by the tone of the portrayal in particular literature.
  • The creators could accept any tone according to their benefit.
  • It could be quiet, sentimental, convincing, and so on according to the context and character requests in the case.
  • The point of view of the current character in the plot would make an enormous effect on the tone of the portrayal.
  • Weighty varieties in tone can have seen when the point of view of the storyteller changes.
  • Though the first person could make a powerful tone on a particular occasion, the third person would be more nonpartisan and quieter while the portrayal of a similar example.
  • The utilization of proper tone in particular scenes would catch the eye of the crowd. 

Character Development 

  • The commitment of the crowd guaranteed if the development of the character has done appropriately and systematically.
  • The entire plot gets lifeless without character development.
  • There is no point in remembering dull characters for a story play which requests a great deal of activity and dramatization. 


  • Readers regularly misconstrue mood with the tone of the literature.
  • The mood is the mental climate that is furnished to the crowd with the portrayal.
  • The mood of artistic work has constrained by the successful utilization of descriptive language tools like imagery. 


  • The art introduced before the crowd likewise holds its inborn voice like that the creators hold in themselves.
  • The significant theme, belief systems, messages, and so on are passed on to the crowd through the literature named as its voice.
  • The general purpose of introducing the literature will go futile if the voice doesn’t contact the crowd.
  • The first aim and the point of view of the creator were surveyed by simply investigating the voice of the literature. 

Related post:  Persuasive Text | How to Write an Efficient Persuasive Essay?

Conclusion- Narrative Conventions

Here, we have talked about both the primary narrative conventions and the secondary narrative conventions in this article. Though the evidence of the primary narrative conventions could follow all through the literature, the utilization of the secondary narrative conventions must be seen at restricted places.

Also, we have attempted our best to give a legitimate conversation on the narrative convention. And, we trust that you have discovered this article helpful. Much obliged to You. 

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  • 1. What are the 6 narrative conventions?

    The 6 narrative conventions are character, plot, point of view, setting, style, and theme. Here, it needs mention that these are the core elements of any type of fictional narrative.

  • 2. What are the 4 narrative conventions?

    4 narrative conventions refer to the various methods of telling a story that an author uses. These are first person, second person, third person limited and third person omniscient. Among these, first person narrative and third person omniscient narratives are mostly found in the literature of any language.

  • 3. What are narrative conventions examples?

    Narrative conventions are the tools and techniques an author uses in the piece. Character, plot, point of view, setting, style, and theme are the examples of narrative conventions. For examples, the characters of the story, the way the incidents take place in the story, narrator’s viewpoint, the place of the incidents, they way of narration, and theme of the story are the examples here.

  • 4. What are narrative conventions?

    Character, plot, point of view, setting, style, and theme are narrative conventions. These are the techniques which an author uses in the story to make it more relevant and reach more number of readers.